There is a global consensus that the mitigation of climate change can be done through a collective shift towards Evidenced Regenerative Agriculture, considered to become the future of agriculture. This strategy would drastically reduce CO2 emissions, eliminate fertilizers and pesticide use, reduce energy consumption, and preserve soil.
A shift towards Evidenced Regenerative Agriculture is only possible when all farmers in the community adopt the rules and share multiple risks associated with the transition. This requires unprecedented coordination between scientists, technology providers, and farmers.
Regenerative Ag Practices
Regenerative agriculture is an approach to farming that works to restore the health of the soil by minimizing the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. These practices and solutions are helping to ensure that vineyards are healthy and productive for years.
Some of the basic practices include:
- Cover crop management: Cover crops can be used to add organic matter to the soil, reduce erosion, and improve soil structure. Technology such as GPS mapping and precision seeding can be used to optimize cover crop planting and management.
- Composting and vermiculture systems: These systems can be used to turn vineyard waste and other organic materials into nutrient-rich compost and vermicompost, which can be used to improve soil health and fertility.
- Reducing tillage to reduce soil compaction involves minimizing the amount of soil disturbance that occurs during farming operations. This can be achieved through a variety of techniques, such as planting cover crops, using reduced or no-till planting methods, and incorporating crop rotations.
Cover crops help to reduce soil erosion and add organic matter to the soil, while compost can help to improve soil fertility and microbial life. Reducing tillage helps to prevent soil compaction and improve water absorption. By reducing soil compaction, farmers can improve soil permeability and water retention, which can lead to better plant growth and higher yields. Additionally, reducing tillage can also help to reduce erosion and runoff, as well as improve soil biodiversity and fertility. Furthermore, reducing tillage can also lead to energy savings, as it requires less machinery and fewer passes over the field. This can help to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and reduce the environmental footprint of farming operations.
In addition to traditional farming practices, vineyards can also employ innovative technologies to help protect the soil.